Adam Michnik is a famous polish essayist, historian and intellectual. Read this Biography to learn more about his profile, childhood, life and timeline.
Birthday: 17 October 1946
Sun Sign: Libra
Father: Ozjasz Szechter
Mother: Helena Michnik
Education: University of Warsaw, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
Awards: Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Order of the White Eagle, Recipient of the Order of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, 3rd class, Golden Medal for Merit to Culture, Erasmus Prize, International Press Institute World Press Freedom Heroes, Francisco Cerecedo Prize, Dan David Prize, Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award, Order of Bernardo O'Higgins, Goethe Medal, Shofar of Freedom Award, Officer of the Legion of Honour, Kościelski Award, Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, 3rd class, Officer's Cross of the Hungarian Order of Merit, Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, 3rd Class, 1st of June Award
Adam Michnik is a famous polish essayist, historian and intellectual. He also rendered his service as the editor-in-chief of the largest newspaper of Poland, ‘Gazeta Wyborcza. He remains faithful to the left-wing ethos but, largely opposed the communist regime. A renowned figure in Polish Round table Talks, Michnik, this amazing personality had won many accolades so far, including the ‘knight of the Legion of Honor and European of the Year.
Early Life & Career
Adam Michnik was born into a Jewish family on 17 October 1946. His family held staunch communist ideologies; his father Ozjasz Szechter was the secretary of the communist Party of Western Ukraine and his mother was a children’s book writer and a historian. Though born and brought up in a communist family, Michnik was anti-communist. Young Michnik participated in the activities of polish Scouting Association. This troop was banned later and then he started attending Club of the Crooked Circle. Young Michnik, like many other youngsters in the country, was not happy with the life in Poland and discussed what they could do to change political system in Poland. In 1964, Michnik was suspended from the school for distributing open letters to the ‘Polish United Worker’s Party’. In 1965, he faced suspension again, this time for meeting up with Leszek kolakowski, who was expelled from the Polish United Worker’s Party for criticizing leaders. Michnik joined college, but he was expelled from the college owing to his activities related to the 1968 Polish political crisis. He was charged with ‘acts of hooliganism’ and was sentenced for imprisonment. After releasing from the prison, worked as a welder, as he was not allowed to pursue education anymore. He then served as private secretary to Antoni Slonimski. Michnik Travelled to Paris and then returned to Poland. He joined as editor of a newspaper, which was published illegally. In December 1981, when the martial law was enacted, he was an internee, but he refused to sign a loyalty oath and for this reason, he was jailed accused of “attempting to overthrow socialism”. The case was extended deliberately and he had to remain in jail until 1984. Michnik became an advisor of Lech Walesa in 1988, after which he joined the Solidarity Citizen’s Committee. He also took part in the Round Table talks held in 1989. He was pro Tadeusz Mazowiecki and supported his candidature and government. Later, he broke up with Citizen’s Committee and chose to stay away from involving in direct politics. Michnik suffered from health issues like tuberculosis and resigned from the position of editor in Gazeta Wyborcza in 2004. Currently he is a member of Council on Foreign Relations and Association of polish Writers.
Awards & Achievements
Polcul Foundation Award,1980
Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award, 1986
Cena Pelikán, 2007
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Prize for Democracy and Journalism , 1996
Order of Bernardo O'Higgins, 1998
Chevalier of the Legion of Honor, 2003
Dan David Prize Award, 2006
Goethe Medal, 2011
Letters from Freedom: Post-Cold War Realities and Perspectives. Church and the Left. An Open Letter to International Public Opinion.
1946: Adam Michnik was born on 17 October in Warsaw, Poland.
1964: Michnik was suspended from the school for distributing open letters to the ‘Polish United Worker’s Party’.
1965: He faced suspension again, for meeting up with Leszek kolakowski, who was expelled from the Polish United Worker’s Party for criticizing leaders.
1981: He was jailed as he refused to sign the loyalty oath.
1988: Michnik became an advisor of Lech Walesa.
1989: He took part in the Round Table talks.
2004: Resigned from the position of editor in Gazeta Wyborcza.