Henry Cavendish Biography

Henry Cavendish was a British philosopher, natural scientist, chemist and physicist. Read on to know more about Henry Cavendish\'s profile, childhood, life and timeline in this biography.

Henry Cavendish

Quick Facts

Gender: Male
Birthday: 10 October 1731
Died: 24 February 1810
Nationality: British
Sun Sign: Libra
Father: Lord Charles Cavendish
Education: Peterhouse, University of Cambridge
Awards: Fellow of the Royal Society, Copley Medal

Henry Cavendish was a British philosopher, natural scientist, chemist and physicist. He gained name after the discovery of Hydrogen and his experiments to calculate the density and weight of earth, which is famous as Cavendish experiment. He was noted for his accuracy and precision in researches. He experimented on a range of subjects from physics, chemistry to natural sciences. A shy person, Cavendish talked very less and often seemed to be dressed in old-fashioned outfits. Being highly asocial and secretive, Cavendish was reluctant to publish most of his works and long after his death, James Clerk Maxwell found that he had discovered many things which were credited to others by then.

Early Life & Career

Henry Cavendish was born in Nice, France on 10 October 1731, into a noble family of France. Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, was his maternal grandfather. He was son to Lord Charles Cavendish, third son of William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire and Lady Anne Grey, fourth daughter of Henry Grey.
Cavendish’s family was closely related to many aristocratic families of Great Britain. Little Cavendish attended Hackney Academy, a private school near London, after which he got enrolled in the University of Cambridge in St Peter's College, but left the college without a degree. He then moved to London where he set up his own laboratory.
In 1760 Cavendish was elected to two groups; Royal Society Club and Royal Society. In 1766 he published his first paper “Factitious Airs”. In 1783, he published a paper on eudiometry.
Cavendish started investigating on the composition of common air and came up with interestingly accurate results. Cavendish then started conducting experiments on the density and weight of earth. He used a special apparatus for this experiment. The apparatus was a modification of torsion balance.
Cavendish took his last breath on 24 February 1810 in England and was engraved in the same cemetery where his ancestors were buried. This church is now known as Derby Cathedral.

Citation Information

Article Title

Henry Cavendish Biography

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Findbiographies.com Editors

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URL

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Last Updated

June 25, 2019

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