Wolfgang Pauli Biography

You would have come across the Pauli’s Effect in physics. To know more about the profile, childhood, life and timeline of this great physicist Wolfgang Pauli, read on.

Wolfgang Pauli

Quick Facts

Gender: Male
Birthday: 25 April 1900
Died: 15 December 1958
Nationality: Austrian
Sun Sign: Taurus
Father: Wolfgang Joseph Pauli
Mother: Bertha Kamilla Pauli
Siblings: Hertha Pauli
Education: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Q15109969
Awards: Lorentz Medal, Nobel Prize in Physics, Max Planck Medal, Matteucci Medal, Franklin Medal, Doctor honoris causa

Wolfgang Pauli, born in Vienna in 1900, spent his career working as a theoretical physicist. His career culminated in 1945 when he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics. He was nominated for this prestigious award by none other than Albert Einstein. Pauli was educated in a number of the finest scientific schools in Europe including the University of Munich and the University of Gottingen. He immigrated to the United States during the World War II years where he lectured at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University. He attained naturalized American citizenship in 1946 before returning to Switzerland and attained a Swiss citizenship. Pauli gained many awards during his scientific career. The last was the 1958 edition of the Max Planck Medal awarded by the German Physical Society. Later that year he lost his life after a battle with pancreatic cancer. Pauli was married twice but had no children. He is buried at Zollikon Communal Cemetery in Zurich, Switzerland.

Early Life & Career

Pauli’s experimentation produced the early concepts for the quantum theory of physics. His work on this theory resulted in his receiving the Nobel Prize in Physics. He was also the first researcher to recognize the neutrino as an actual particle. This produced the best understanding available at the time of the structure of an atom.
The career of the scientist crossed paths with many of the great researchers in physics. He worked with notables including Niels Bohr and Max Born. He worked as an assistant to Born at the Institute for Theoretical Physics at Copenhagen early in his career. In an era that produced many of the great physicists, Pauli is noted as among the greatest minds.
His personal life did include several challenges. In 1930, shortly after his divorce from his first wife, he suffered a breakdown and was treated by Carl Jung. Jung was a noted psychiatrist of the era and aided Pauli in his recovery and return to the field of quantum physics research.
Later in his career his research resulted in the Pauli-Villars Regularization. This mathematical formula changes infinite values to finite numbers when used in calculations. This removed some infinite variables from the theories used in quantum physics theories.
Pauli’s name was also applied to a less flattering principle. The Pauli effect referred to an anecdotal propensity for scientific equipment to break down in his presence. Pauli was noted as a perfectionist who required absolute perfection in the scientific experiments performed by himself and others he worked with.

Awards And Achievements

Speaker at International Congress, 1932
Nobel Prize,1945
Fellow of the Royal Society,1953
Lunar features, Crater Pauli
Member of the Swiss Physical Society
Foreign Member of the Royal Society of London
Member of American Physical Society
Member of American Association for the Advancement of Science

Personal Life

Pauli was an outstanding in the field of science since his schooling days itself when he was a student. In 1929, he was married to Käthe Margarethe Deppner, but since their relation did not go well, it lasted in a year’s time. On 4 April 1934, he was married again to Franciska Bertram.

Inspired By

Wolfgang Paul was inspired to pursue studies in science by Ernst Mach. During the next years of his life, he was inspired by Niels Bohr and also spent 1922-1923 working alongside Bohr at the Bohr Institute.

Timeline

1900: 25 April, Wolfgang Pauli was born
1929: Left Roman Catholic Church
1929: December, married Käthe Margarethe Deppner
1930: Divorced from his first wife, he suffered a breakdown
1934: 4 April, he was married again to Franciska Bertram
1945: Awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics
1958: Max Planck Medal awarded by the German Physical Society
1958: 15 December, Wolfgang Pauli passed away

Citation Information

Article Title

Wolfgang Pauli Biography

Author

Findbiographies.com Editors

Website Name

The Findbiographies.com website

URL

https://www.findbiographies.com/wolfgang-pauli-219.php

Last Updated

June 18, 2019

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