Woodrow Wilson was the 28th President of the United States and was one of the main proponents of the Treaty of Versailles. He was also one of the people who crafted the League of the Nations, a precursor to the United Nations. Before he embarked on his political career, Wilson was a dedicated scholar and earned multiple degrees before he rose politically. Woodrow Wilson was also one of the main advocators of voting rights for women and world peace. President Woodrow Wilson was ordained the 28th President of the United States on March 4, 1913, succeeding William Howard Taft. Born as Thomas Woodrow Wilson, the President was also responsible for creating the Federal Reserve. Apart from his presidency, Woodrow Wilson was also a scrupulous scholar and from a number of books he wrote, he was also the author of the biography of George Washington and the five-volume series, ‘History of the American People’. The President believed in the creation of peaceful, financially stable and social legacy. A Presbyterian of deep faith, he was also an effective partisan campaigner and strategist during his life. Just three years after he finished his term as president, Wilson suffered from a stroke and other heart problems in 1924. If you would like to learn more about this interesting personality, scroll further.
Childhood & Early Life
Woodrow Wilson was born on December 28, 1856 to Jessie Janet Woodrow and Joseph Wilson. His ancestry was Scottish and Scots-Irish, which changed after the immigration of Wilson’s paternal grandparents to the United States.
It is believed that Wilson suffered from dyslexia as child and only learnt to read after the age of 10. Wilson was home-schooled by Reverend Wilson in the subjects of debate and oration, for which the young boy developed a passion.
He enrolled at Davidson College, but transferred colleges, after his father got a job at Princeton.
Wilson studied law at the University of Virginia and earned a Ph.D. in history and political science at Johns Hopkins University.
His thesis, ‘Congressional Government’, in 1885, helped him earn a career with prestigious universities like Bryn Mawr and Wesleyan.
Woodrow Wilson was a prolific writer and authored many books. One such book was, ‘When a Man Comes To Himself in 1901.
Wilson’s dream job was to earn a professorship at Princeton, which he obtained in 1890. He also became the university’s 13th president in 1902.
Wilson turned into a social democrat and was chosen for governorship of New Jersey in 1910.
He was nominated as the Democratic presidential candidate on the New Freedom platform in 1912.
He also authored ‘The New Freedom: A Call for the Emancipation of the Generous Energies of a People’ in 1913.
He was inaugurated as the 28th President of the United States on March 4, 1913 and succeeded William Howard Taft. Theodore Roosevelt came second in these elections.
Wilson passed the 19th Amendment and extended the voting rights to women during his second term as president on August 18, 1920. He also passed the ‘Triple Wall of Privilege’ act, which helped better small business and agriculturalists. He signed the Underwood-Simmons Act in 1913, which reduced tax rates and he also approved the Federal Reserve Act, which helped the average American a lot more accessible for loans.
As president, Woodrow Wilson passed a number of acts that supported labor unions and anti-trust legislations, which he passed through the Clayton Antitrust Act in 1914.
At the outbreak of World War I, Woodrow Wilson declared America neutral and dispensed a peace protocol to Great Britain, but was rebuffed for his proposal. He finally declared war in April 1917, when the Germans sank American ships and repeatedly ignored the peace proposals from the United States.
Towards the end of World War I, Wilson proposed the famous ‘fourteen points’ for the Treaty of Versailles, the last point being, the creation of the ‘League of Nations’ for world peace.
Woodrow Wilson left office in 1921.
When a Man Comes to Himself
The New Freedom: A Call for the Emancipation of the Generous Energies of a People
Formal U.S. Declaration of War with Germany in 1917.
Proposed the ’14 points’ for the Treaty of Versailles.
He was one of the founders of the League of Nations.
Awards & Achievements
He was appointed as the 28th President of the United States in 1913.
Wilson was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1920.
Personal Life & Legacy
Woodrow Wilson had fallen in love with Ellen Louise Axson in 1883. The couple married and they had three daughters together.
He married Edith Bolling Galt, a widow, in 1915. The couple had no children.
He suffered two serious strokes during his career as president. He partially recovered from his second stroke and remained the last few years of his life, seriously disabled.
He passed away on February 3, 1924 of a stroke and other heart-related problems.
1856: Woodrow Wilson was born on December 28th.
1883: He fell in love with Ellen Louise Axson.
1885: He wrote his thesis, 'Congressional Government'.
1901: He authored 'When a Man Comes to Himself', which was published this year.
1912: He was nominated as the Democratic presidential candidate.
1913: He authored 'The New Freedom: A Call for the Emancipation of the Generous Energies of a People'. He was also elected as the 28th President of the United States.
1915: He married Edith Bolling Galt, a widow.
1917: He declared war on the Germans during World War I.
1920: He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1921: Woodrow Wilson left office.
1924: He passed away due to a stroke and other heart problems on February 3rd.